baskettball regeln

Regeln Die Offiziellen Basketball-Regeln sind erhältlich bei DBB-Regelinterpretation Die neue. Hast Du einmal die Basketball Regeln verstanden, ist Basketball ein sehr einfacher Sport, und bei uns erfährst Du alles was wichtig ist. Die wichtigsten Regeln des Basketball-Sports. Als körperloser Sport wird das Basketball-Spiel meist beschrieben, dabei gibt es gerade bei den Korbjägern auf .

Oktober immer Mittwochs Basketball live ab Basketball Verletzungssorgen bei Alba: Auch Hermannsson fällt aus ran. Siebter Streich durch Oklahoma und Schröder ran.

Bayern überzeugt mit deutlichem Sieg gegen Darüssafaka ran. Die Gehälter der deutschen Stars ran. Es wäre nicht der erste Meilenstein seiner beeindruckenden Karriere.

Wer macht das Rennen? Spieltag der EuroLeague auf einen Knaller freuen: Wer hat es in seine Auswahl geschafft?

Wer es wohl in seine Starting-Five geschafft hat? Natürlich auch in der BBL. Jan Jagla analysiert exklusiv für ran. Basketball Die Filme muss jeder Basketball-Fan gesehen haben!

Damit in der Arena die Stimmung kocht, geben diese Mädels alles Und so kommt es The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

Thus, players often use the bounce pass in crowded moments, or to pass around a defender. The overhead pass is used to pass the ball over a defender.

The ball is released while over the passer's head. The outlet pass occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound. The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass.

The crucial aspect of any good pass is it being difficult to intercept. Good passers can pass the ball with great accuracy and they know exactly where each of their other teammates prefers to receive the ball.

A special way of doing this is passing the ball without looking at the receiving teammate. This is called a no-look pass.

Another advanced style of passing is the behind-the-back pass , which, as the description implies, involves throwing the ball behind the passer's back to a teammate.

Although some players can perform such a pass effectively, many coaches discourage no-look or behind-the-back passes, believing them to be difficult to control and more likely to result in turnovers or violations.

Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball continuously with one hand, and is a requirement for a player to take steps with the ball.

To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control.

When dribbling past an opponent, the dribbler should dribble with the hand farthest from the opponent, making it more difficult for the defensive player to get to the ball.

It is therefore important for a player to be able to dribble competently with both hands. Good dribblers or "ball handlers" tend to bounce the ball low to the ground, reducing the distance of travel of the ball from the floor to the hand, making it more difficult for the defender to "steal" the ball.

Good ball handlers frequently dribble behind their backs, between their legs, and switch directions suddenly, making a less predictable dribbling pattern that is more difficult to defend against.

This is called a crossover, which is the most effective way to move past defenders while dribbling.

A skilled player can dribble without watching the ball, using the dribbling motion or peripheral vision to keep track of the ball's location.

A block is performed when, after a shot is attempted, a defender succeeds in altering the shot by touching the ball.

In almost all variants of play, it is illegal to touch the ball after it is in the downward path of its arc; this is known as goaltending. It is also illegal under NBA and Men's NCAA basketball to block a shot after it has touched the backboard, or when any part of the ball is directly above the rim.

Under international rules it is illegal to block a shot that is in the downward path of its arc or one that has touched the backboard until the ball has hit the rim.

After the ball hits the rim, it is again legal to touch it even though it is no longer considered as a block performed.

To block a shot, a player has to be able to reach a point higher than where the shot is released. Thus, height can be an advantage in blocking.

Players who are taller and playing the power forward or center positions generally record more blocks than players who are shorter and playing the guard positions.

However, with good timing and a sufficiently high vertical leap, even shorter players can be effective shot blockers.

Guards, for whom physical coordination and ball-handling skills are crucial, tend to be the smallest players. According to a survey given to all NBA teams, [ when?

While shorter players are often at a disadvantage in certain aspects of the game, their ability to navigate quickly through crowded areas of the court and steal the ball by reaching low are strengths.

It should be noted that players regularly inflate their height. Many prospects exaggerate their height while in high school or college to make themselves more appealing to coaches and scouts, who prefer taller players.

But I started in college at But you use that height, and the player gets mad. And then you hear from his agent. Or you file your story with the right height, and the copy desk changes it because they have the 'official' N.

So you sort of go along with the joke. Thereafter, a player's team is solely responsible for their listed height, which can vary depending on the process selected.

On rare occasions, some players will understate their actual heights, not to be repositioned. Durants' reasoning was, "Really, that's the prototypical size for a small forward.

Anything taller than that, and they'll start saying, 'Ah, he's a power forward. The composition of race and ethnicity in the National Basketball Association NBA has changed throughout the league's history.

For the season, international players comprised The same year, the racial breakdown of the NBA was: The first non-white player entered the league in But it is a black man's game, and it will be forever.

I mean, the greatest athletes in the world are African-American," said Bird. More recently, a number of commentators have remarked on the league's dwindling number of white American players.

During the entire —97 season, only three NBA teams did not field an American-born white; on the opening day of the —17 season, eight teams did not have a white American on their roster, and an additional 10 teams had only one.

These proportions have been suggested to be the result of basketball's relatively minor importance in white American culture.

As of , white interest in the NBA remains the lowest among all racial groups, with African Americans and Asian Americans spending the most time watching basketball, followed by Hispanics of any race.

Variations of basketball are activities based on the game of basketball, using common basketball skills and equipment primarily the ball and basket.

Some variations are only superficial rules changes, while others are distinct games with varying degrees of basketball influences.

Other variations include children's games, contests or activities meant to help players reinforce skills. There are principal basketball sports with variations on basketball including Wheelchair basketball , Water basketball , Beach basketball , Slamball , Streetball and Unicycle basketball.

An earlier version of basketball, played primarily by women and girls, was Six-on-six basketball. Horseball is a game played on horseback where a ball is handled and points are scored by shooting it through a high net approximately 1.

The sport is like a combination of polo , rugby , and basketball. There is even a form played on donkeys known as Donkey basketball , but that version has come under attack from animal rights groups.

Beach basketball has grown to a very popular, widespread competitive sport. Spin-offs from basketball that are now separate sports include:.

Basketball has been adopted by various social groups, which have established their own environments and sometimes their own rules.

Such socialized forms of basketball include the following. Fantasy basketball was popularized during the s after the advent of the Internet.

Those who play this game are sometimes referred to as General Managers, who draft actual NBA players and compute their basketball statistics.

Other sports websites provided the same format keeping the game interesting with participants actually owning specific players. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the sport. For the ball used in the sport, see Basketball ball. For other uses, see Basketball disambiguation. Basketball star LeBron James attempts a layup shot.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. April Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Basketball ball , Basketball court , and Backboard basketball. Personal foul basketball and Technical foul. This section does not cite any sources.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Race and ethnicity in the NBA.

The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.

January Learn how and when to remove this template message. One-on-One , a variation in which two players will use only a small section of the court often no more than a half of a court and compete to play the ball into a single hoop.

Such games tend to emphasize individual dribbling and ball stealing skills over shooting and team play. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Retrieved September 14, Retrieved June 14, Retrieved June 11, Archived from the original on December 3, Retrieved March 22, Retrieved February 24, US A The description in this patent explains problems caused by lacing on the cover of basketballs.

Archived from the original on February 5, Retrieved February 14, Retrieved January 20, Archived from the original on June 26, Archived from the original on December 1, Retrieved January 11, Retrieved June 3, Archived from the original on May 28, Retrieved July 25, Archived from the original on May 18, Retrieved February 6, Retrieved February 16, Archived from the original on August 10, Retrieved 18 November Archived from the original on June 20, Archived from the original on February 3, Archived from the original on January 6, Retrieved January 21, Archived from the original on June 15, Archived from the original on June 21, Retrieved June 2, Archived from the original on August 12, Retrieved July 26, Retrieved June 9, National Federation of High Schools.

Retrieved July 11, Retrieved August 17, Archived from the original on July 17, Archived from the original on February 10, Retrieved September 1, The New York Times.

Archived from the original on February 22, The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport. Archived from the original on December 7, Retrieved December 7, University of Central Florida.

Retrieved June 20, This is the second year the center issued its 'Racial Report Card. White Men and the Democratic Dilemma. Retrieved March 20, Retrieved December 8, Archived from the original on November 13, Retrieved November 22, Duration The game consists of four periods of 10 minutes.

If the scores are tied, overtime periods of five minutes will be played until one team has more points than the other at the end of the 5-minute period Scoring A basket scored from near the basket inside the three-point arc is worth two points.

A basket scored from far beyond the three-point arc is worth three points. A basket scored from the free-throw line is worth one point. Moving the ball The ball may either be passed from one player to another, or dribbled by a player from one point to another bounced while walking or running.

Before passing or shooting the ball, a player may take two steps without dribbling. Once a player has stopped dribbling, he may not start to dribble again.

regeln baskettball -

Auch Hermannsson fällt aus ran. Seit der letzten Auflage hat sich das Basketballspiel rasant weiterentwickelt, ist komplexer und vielfältiger geworden. Bei einem Gleichstand wird eine Verlängerung von fünf Minuten gespielt. Eine andere Version hiervon ist Carrying: Die Anfangsformation einer Mannschaft wird auch als Starting Five deutsch: Die Forwards Flügelspieler werden auch in zwei weitere Positionen unterteilt: Gelingt ihr das nicht, gibt es einen Einwurf für den Gegner an der Mittellinie. Das Spielprinzip unterschied sich sehr von den anderen Basketballspielen, die auf eine realistische Spielweise setzten. Sollte casino poker tipps Spieler während Cream of the Crop Slot Machine - Play for Free Now Korbwurfversuches gefoult werden, wird seinem Team die gleiche Anzahl an Freiwürfen gewährt, wie bei einem erfolgreichen Wurf Punkte möglich gewesen wären. Hat der verteidigte Angreifer den Ball, sind die Möglichkeiten des Verteidigers eingeschränkt. Basketball Alle Spiele der deutschen Basketball Liga. Die wichtigsten Regeln im Überblick. Befindet sich der Werfer jedoch hinter der sogenannten Dreipunktelinie, werden seinem Team drei Punkte für den Wurf gutgeschrieben. Somit hat cs go neue case die Möglichkeit, 3 bzw. Klatschen oder Schreien während des Wurfversuchs baskettball regeln heftiges Schwingen mit den Ellbogen, auch wenn kein Kontakt entsteht. Die Dauer dieser Viertel kann sich von Liga zu Liga unterscheiden. Dies lag vor allem an den zahlreichen Mexiko wm so genanntes point shavingin die professionelle Mannschaften verwickelt waren. Die Dauer dieser Viertel kann sich von Liga zu Liga unterscheiden.

Die wichtigsten Regeln im Überblick. Im Basketball wird generell zwischen den vier Foularten persönliche personal foul, regelwidriger Kontakt im Spiel , technische technical foul, Reklamation gegen Schiedsrichterentscheidung , unsportliche flagrant foul, Gegnerkontakt ohne Chance auf Ballgewinn und disqualifizierende Fouls disqualifying foul, grob unsportliches Foul unterschieden.

Hat der verteidigte Angreifer den Ball, sind die Möglichkeiten des Verteidigers eingeschränkt. Ein disqualifizierendes Foul oder zwei unsportliche Fouls führen zum Spielausschluss.

Der Disqualifizierte darf nach seiner Hinausstellung nicht mehr in der Halle anwesend sein. Fünf persönliche oder technische Fouls führen zum Verlust der Spielberechtigung für das laufende Spiel.

Bei einem Angriff darf der Spielball von keinem Spieler der ballführenden Mannschaft von der gegnerischen Hälfte Vorfeld in die eigene Spielfeldhälfte Rückfeld zurückgespielt werden.

Dabei darf das Standbein zum Zwecke des Passes oder Wurfes angehoben, aber nicht wieder aufgesetzt werden. Sobald ein Angreifer den Ball nach einem Dribbling aufnimmt, darf er nicht erneut zum Dribbling ansetzen.

Es ist nur erlaubt, einen vom Gegner gezielt auf den Korb geworfenen Ball aus der Luft zu fangen oder zu blocken, solange er sich in der Aufwärtsbewegung befindet.

Hat er den Scheitelpunkt seines Fluges erreicht oder befindet sich bereits im Sinkflug und vollständig über Ringniveau, muss der Ball erst den Korb berühren, bevor er wieder frei spielbar ist.

Jeder Angriff darf maximal 24 Sekunden dauern, die auf der "Shot clock" heruntergezählt werden. Die Zeit startet nach jeder Ringberührung des Balles von neuem.

Bekommt eine Mannschaft den Ball oder gab es einen Einwurf, so muss sie innerhalb von acht Sekunden den Ball in die gegnerische Hälfte bringen.

Gelingt ihr das nicht, gibt es einen Einwurf für den Gegner an der Mittellinie. Während eines Angriffs dürfen sich die Spieler der angreifenden Mannschaft nicht länger als drei Sekunden ununterbrochen in der gegnerischen Freiwurfzone aufhalten, unabhängig davon, ob der jeweilige Spieler im Ballbesitz ist oder nicht.

Nachdem ein Team in Ballbesitz gelangt ist und sich in der gegnerischen Spielfeldhälfte befindet, wird die Mittellinie ebenfalls als Auslinie behandelt.

In der Mitte des Spielfeldes befindet sich ein Kreis mit einem Radius von 1,8 m. Diese sind insbesondere für die 3-Sekunden-Regel wichtig.

Die Halbkreise an den beiden Zonen werden als Freiwurflinie bezeichnet und dienen als Markierung für die Durchführung von genehmigten Freiwürfen.

Letztlich gibt es noch einen Halbkreis unter dem Korb. Auf einem Spielfeld spielen immer zwei Mannschaften. Direkt auf dem Feld dürfen sich lediglich fünf Feldspieler befinden und aktiv an dem Spiel teilnehmen.

Der Rest der Mannschaften befindet sich auf der Ersatzbank. Die Spieler können jederzeit während einer Spielunterbrechung gewechselt werden.

Dabei wird die Anzahl der Wechsel nicht begrenzt. Es ist also theoretisch unbegrenzt oft möglich, einen Spieler oder eine Position auszuwechseln.

Mehr dazu aber in meinem Beitrag: Die offiziellen Basketballregeln besagen, dass ein Spiel grundsätzlich von mindestens zwei Schiedsrichtern geleitet werden muss.

Dabei ist jeder Schiedsrichter gleichberechtigt und erhält lediglich einen anderen Verantwortungsbereich. So sind die Schiedsrichter dafür verantwortlich, einen bestimmten Bereich des Spielfeldes zu beobachten.

Bei einem Einsatz von zwei Schiedsrichtern befindet sich ein Schiedsrichter direkt hinter der Grundlinie der verteidigenden Mannschaft.

Der zweite Schiedsrichter nimmt eine Position direkt hinter dem angreifenden Team gegnerische Mannschaft ein, und muss einen konstanten Abstand von 3 m zu dem Ball einhalten.

Um die Einhaltung der allgemeinen Basketball Regeln zu gewährleisten, gibt es neben den Schiedsrichtern ebenso ein Kampfgericht an einem sogenannten Anschreibetisch.

An diesem sitzen für gewöhnlich die Zeitnehmer und Anschreiber. Die Dauer dieser Viertel kann sich von Liga zu Liga unterscheiden.

Sollte am Ende des vierten Viertels der Punktestand zwischen den beiden Teams unentschieden sein, kommt es zu einer Verlängerung von fünf Minuten.

Ursprünglich wurden nach Regelwerk lediglich zwei Halbzeiten gespielt, die eine Länge von 20 Minuten aufwiesen. Am Ende des Spieles wird der Sieger anhand der Punkte ermittelt.

Das Team, das die meisten Punkte besitzt, gewinnt das Spiel. Für einen gewöhnlichen erfolgreichen Wurf werden dem Team des Werfers zwei Punkte gewährt.

Befindet sich der Werfer jedoch hinter der sogenannten Dreipunktelinie, werden seinem Team drei Punkte für den Wurf gutgeschrieben.

Für gewöhnlich ist diese Linie an diesem Punkt exakt 6,75 m vom Zentrum des Korbes entfernt. Sollte ein Spieler während eines Korbwurfversuches gefoult werden, wird seinem Team die gleiche Anzahl an Freiwürfen gewährt, wie bei einem erfolgreichen Wurf Punkte möglich gewesen wären.

Die gewährten Freiwürfe erfolgen stets von der Freiwurflinie, die in der Regel 5,8 m vom Zentrum des Korbes entfernt ist.

Wenn ein Spieler bei einem Wurfversuch gefoult wird und kann dennoch einen erfolgreichen Wurf erzielen, werden diese Punkte regulär gezählt.

Der Spieler erhält zusätzlich die Möglichkeit, einen einzigen Freiwurf durchzuführen, um zusätzliche Punkte zu erzielen.

Laut den Basketball Regeln beginnt jedes Spiel mit einem Sprungball. Dieser entscheidet über den ersten Ballbesitz. Für einen korrekten und regelkonformen Sprungball wirft einer der Schiedsrichter den Ball direkt im Mittelpunkt des Spielfeldes zwischen zwei Spielern in die Luft.

Beide Spieler versuchen, durch einen geschickten Sprung den Ball einem verbündeten Mitspieler zuzuspielen. And in , the Amateur Athletic Union backed the first national women's basketball championship , complete with men's rules.

The Grads toured all over North America, and were exceptionally successful. They posted a record of wins and only 20 losses over that span, as they met any team that wanted to challenge them, funding their tours from gate receipts.

The Grads' players were unpaid, and had to remain single. The Grads' style focused on team play, without overly emphasizing skills of individual players.

By , the women's national championship changed from a three-court game to two-court game with six players per team.

Though it had shaky attendance figures, several marquee players Lisa Leslie , Diana Taurasi , and Candace Parker among others have helped the league's popularity and level of competition.

Other professional women's basketball leagues in the United States, such as the American Basketball League —98 , have folded in part because of the popularity of the WNBA.

The WNBA has been looked at by many as a niche league. However, the league has recently taken steps forward. The new television deal ran from to Along with this deal, came the first ever rights fees to be paid to a women's professional sports league.

Over the eight years of the contract, "millions and millions of dollars" were "dispersed to the league's teams.

We're losing a lot of money among a large number of teams. We're budgeting the WNBA to break even this year. Measurements and time limits discussed in this section often vary among tournaments and organizations; international and NBA rules are used in this section.

The object of the game is to outscore one's opponents by throwing the ball through the opponents' basket from above while preventing the opponents from doing so on their own.

An attempt to score in this way is called a shot. A successful shot is worth two points, or three points if it is taken from beyond the three-point arc 6.

A one-point shot can be earned when shooting from the foul line after a foul is made. The time allowed is actual playing time; the clock is stopped while the play is not active.

Therefore, games generally take much longer to complete than the allotted game time, typically about two hours. Five players from each team may be on the court at one time.

Teams also have a coach, who oversees the development and strategies of the team, and other team personnel such as assistant coaches, managers, statisticians, doctors and trainers.

For both men's and women's teams, a standard uniform consists of a pair of shorts and a jersey with a clearly visible number, unique within the team, printed on both the front and back.

Players wear high-top sneakers that provide extra ankle support. Typically, team names, players' names and, outside of North America, sponsors are printed on the uniforms.

A limited number of time-outs, clock stoppages requested by a coach or sometimes mandated in the NBA for a short meeting with the players, are allowed.

They generally last no longer than one minute seconds in the NBA unless, for televised games, a commercial break is needed.

The game is controlled by the officials consisting of the referee referred to as crew chief in the NBA , one or two umpires referred to as referees in the NBA and the table officials.

For college, the NBA, and many high schools, there are a total of three referees on the court. The table officials are responsible for keeping track of each teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team fouls , player substitutions, team possession arrow , and the shot clock.

The only essential equipment in a basketball game is the ball and the court: Competitive levels require the use of more equipment such as clocks, score sheets, scoreboard s , alternating possession arrows, and whistle-operated stop-clock systems.

A regulation basketball court in international games is Most courts have wood flooring , usually constructed from maple planks running in the same direction as the longer court dimension.

At almost all levels of competition, the top of the rim is exactly 10 feet 3. While variation is possible in the dimensions of the court and backboard, it is considered important for the basket to be of the correct height — a rim that is off by just a few inches can have an adverse effect on shooting.

The size of the basketball is also regulated. For men, the official ball is If women are playing, the official basketball size is In 3x3 , a formalized version of the halfcourt 3-on-3 game, a dedicated ball with the circumference of a size 6 ball but the weight of a size 7 ball is used in all competitions men's, women's, and mixed teams.

The ball may be advanced toward the basket by being shot, passed between players, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled bouncing the ball while running.

The ball must stay within the court; the last team to touch the ball before it travels out of bounds forfeits possession. The ball is out of bounds if it touches a boundary line, or touches any player or object that is out of bounds.

There are limits placed on the steps a player may take without dribbling, which commonly results in an infraction known as traveling.

Nor may a player stop his dribble and then resume dribbling. A dribble that touches both hands is considered stopping the dribble, giving this infraction the name double dribble.

Within a dribble, the player cannot carry the ball by placing his hand on the bottom of the ball; doing so is known as carrying the ball. A team, once having established ball control in the front half of their court, may not return the ball to the backcourt and be the first to touch it.

A violation of these rules results in loss of possession. The ball may not be kicked, nor be struck with the fist. For the offense, a violation of these rules results in loss of possession; for the defense, most leagues reset the shot clock and the offensive team is given possession of the ball out of bounds.

There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway 8 seconds in FIBA and the NBA; 10 seconds in NCAA and high school for both sexes , before attempting a shot 24 seconds in FIBA, the NBA, and U Sports Canadian universities play for both sexes, and 30 seconds in NCAA play for both sexes , holding the ball while closely guarded 5 seconds , and remaining in the restricted area known as the free-throw lane, or the " key " 3 seconds.

These rules are designed to promote more offense. Basket interference , or goaltending is a violation charged when a player illegally interferes with a shot.

This violation is incurred when a player touches the ball on its downward trajectory to the basket, unless it is obvious that the ball has no chance of entering the basket, if a player touches the ball while it is in the rim, or in the area extended upwards from the basket, or if a player reaches through the basket to interfere with the shot.

When a defensive player is charged with goaltending, the basket is awarded. If an offensive player commits the infraction, the basket is cancelled.

In either case possession of the ball is turned over to the defensive team. An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through certain types of physical contact is illegal and is called a personal foul.

These are most commonly committed by defensive players; however, they can be committed by offensive players as well.

Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful.

One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet 4. The referee is responsible for judging whether contact is illegal, sometimes resulting in controversy.

The calling of fouls can vary between games, leagues and referees. There is a second category of fouls called technical fouls , which may be charged for various rules violations including failure to properly record a player in the scorebook, or for unsportsmanlike conduct.

These infractions result in one or two free throws, which may be taken by any of the five players on the court at the time. Repeated incidents can result in disqualification.

A blatant foul involving physical contact that is either excessive or unnecessary is called an intentional foul flagrant foul in the NBA.

In FIBA, a foul resulting in ejection is called a disqualifying foul, while in leagues other than the NBA, such a foul is referred to as flagrant.

If a team exceeds a certain limit of team fouls in a given period quarter or half — four for NBA, NCAA women's, and international games — the opposing team is awarded one or two free throws on all subsequent non-shooting fouls for that period, the number depending on the league.

In the US college men's game and high school games for both sexes, if a team reaches 7 fouls in a half, the opposing team is awarded one free throw, along with a second shot if the first is made.

This is called shooting "one-and-one". If a team exceeds 10 fouls in the half, the opposing team is awarded two free throws on all subsequent fouls for the half.

When a team shoots foul shots, the opponents may not interfere with the shooter, nor may they try to regain possession until the last or potentially last free throw is in the air.

After a team has committed a specified number of fouls, the other team is said to be "in the bonus". On scoreboards, this is usually signified with an indicator light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with an illuminated directional arrow or dot indicating that team is to receive free throws when fouled by the opposing team.

Some scoreboards also indicate the number of fouls committed. If a team misses the first shot of a two-shot situation, the opposing team must wait for the completion of the second shot before attempting to reclaim possession of the ball and continuing play.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is unsuccessful, the player is awarded a number of free throws equal to the value of the attempted shot.

A player fouled while attempting a regular two-point shot thus receives two shots, and a player fouled while attempting a three-point shot receives three shots.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is successful, typically the player will be awarded one additional free throw for one point.

In combination with a regular shot, this is called a "three-point play" or "four-point play" or more colloquially, an "and one" because of the basket made at the time of the foul 2 or 3 points and the additional free throw 1 point.

Although the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have evolved as part of basketball. During the early years of basketball's evolution, two guards, two forwards, and one center were used.

In more recent times specific positions evolved, but the current trend, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where big guys are free to shoot from outside and dribble if their skill allows it.

Point guard often called the " 1 ": Shooting guard the " 2 ": Small forward the " 3 ": Power forward the " 4 ": Center the " 5 ": The above descriptions are flexible.

For most teams today, the shooting guard and small forward have very similar responsibilities and are often called the wings , as do the power forward and center, who are often called post players.

While most teams describe two players as guards, two as forwards, and one as a center, on some occasions teams choose to call them by different designations.

There are two main defensive strategies: In a zone defense , each player is assigned to guard a specific area of the court. Zone defenses often allow the defense to double team the ball, a manoeuver known as a trap.

In a man-to-man defense , each defensive player guards a specific opponent. Offensive plays are more varied, normally involving planned passes and movement by players without the ball.

A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantageous position is known as a cut. A legal attempt by an offensive player to stop an opponent from guarding a teammate, by standing in the defender's way such that the teammate cuts next to him, is a screen or pick.

The two plays are combined in the pick and roll , in which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket.

Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket.

Teams almost always have several offensive plays planned to ensure their movement is not predictable. On court, the point guard is usually responsible for indicating which play will occur.

Shooting is the act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations.

Typically, a player faces the basket with both feet facing the basket. A player will rest the ball on the fingertips of the dominant hand the shooting arm slightly above the head, with the other hand supporting the side of the ball.

The ball is usually shot by jumping though not always and extending the shooting arm. The shooting arm, fully extended with the wrist fully bent, is held stationary for a moment following the release of the ball, known as a follow-through.

Players often try to put a steady backspin on the ball to absorb its impact with the rim. The ideal trajectory of the shot is somewhat controversial, but generally a proper arc is recommended.

Players may shoot directly into the basket or may use the backboard to redirect the ball into the basket. The two most common shots that use the above described setup are the set shot and the jump shot.

The set shot is taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances while the jump shot is taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump.

This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation.

Another common shot is called the lay-up. This shot requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll.

The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunk , in which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it.

Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

A shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely is referred to as an air ball. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick.

The hang time is the length of time a player stays in the air after jumping, either to make a slam dunk, lay-up or jump shot. The objective of rebounding is to successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.

This plays a major role in the game, as most possessions end when a team misses a shot. There are two categories of rebounds: The majority of rebounds are defensive, as the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots.

A pass is a method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.

A staple pass is the chest pass. The ball is passed directly from the passer's chest to the receiver's chest. A proper chest pass involves an outward snap of the thumbs to add velocity and leaves the defence little time to react.

Another type of pass is the bounce pass. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver.

The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver. The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

Baskettball Regeln Video

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Baskettball regeln -

Um zu verhindern, dass Zuschauer von der Galerie aus Korbwürfe beeinflussen können, wurde hinter jedem Korb ein Brett montiert. Nur in sehr wenigen Ländern werden 30 oder sogar 45 Sekunden erlaubt. Es ist zweifelhaft, ob Basketball überhaupt ein offizieller olympischer Wettkampf war, immerhin traten bei den über mehrere Monate laufenden Olympischen Spielen am Rande der Weltausstellung keine Nationalmannschaften an, dies sollte erst in Berlin geschehen. Wenn ein Spieler bei einem Wurfversuch gefoult wird und kann dennoch einen erfolgreichen Wurf erzielen, werden diese Punkte regulär gezählt. Der Rest der Mannschaften befindet sich auf der Ersatzbank.


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